Access to energy

Currently, 993 million people, around 14 % of the world population, have no access to electricity and around 2.7 billion people, over 37% of the world population, are without clean cooking facilities.

In accordance to the International Energy Agency, we define lack of access to electricity and to clean cooking facilities as lack of access to “modern energy”.

Over 95% of the people without access to modern energy are concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa or developing Asia and 80% of them live in rural areas. The world distribution of this energy poverty largely coincides with the world distribution of overall extreme poverty.

In September 2015 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, which includes a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030. Goal number 7 is dedicated to “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all”, a big challenge to the global community.

The latest World Energy Outlook, published by the International Energy Agency in November 2018, forecasts that in 2030 some 650 million people will still be without electricity and 2.2 billion will continue to rely on the traditional use of solid biomass for cooking.

It highlights that the policies presently adopted and planned are dramatically insufficient.


The issue of access to modern energy may be analyzed from various points of view. We have identified three main perspectives: social inclusioneconomic development and environmental preservation.


To make energy access sustainable and effective in the long term we must consider different technical or political solutions. This web-site presents a variety of solutions and examines the use of different energy sourcestechnologies and business models.